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SIGNALS: GENERAL RULES:

TO KEEP LEFT as much as possible on a two-way road to allow traffic from the opposite direction to pass on your right side and on a one-way road to allow vehicles behind you to overtake from your right.

WHEN TURNING LEFT, keep to the left side of the road you are leaving as well as the one you are entering. When turning right, move to the centre of the road that you are leaving and arrive nearer to the left side of road that you are entering.

SLOW DOWN at all road junctions, intersections, pedestrian crossings and road corners and wait until you are sure of a clear passage ahead. If you are entering a main road where traffic is not being regulated, then you have to give way to vehicles passing on your right.

HAND SIGNALS are necessary at certain times. When slowing down, extend your right arm palm down and swing it up and down; When stopping, raise your forearm vertically outside the vehicle; When turning right or changing lane to the right hand side, extend your right arm straight out, palm to the front; When turning left or changing lane to the left hand side, extend your right arm and rotate it in an anti-clockwise direction.

USE OF DIRECTION INDICATORS are better instead of hands signals and try to use both in cases of any emergency.
WEARING A HELMET FOR TWO WHEELER DRIVERS INCLUDING PILLION RIDER is a statutory requirement. The helmet must conform to the ISI standards and should bear the ISI mark.

DO NOT PARK YOUR VEHICLE at or near a road crossing or on top of a hill or on a footpath; too near a traffic light or pedestrian crossing; on roads that have a white line; near the bus- stops, schools or hospitals entrances; near a fire hydrant thereby blocking access to it.
 
THE REGISTRATION MARK of the vehicle should be clear, legible and visible at all times. Do not load the motor vehicle so as to obstruct the tail lights or any other lights or marks required for display on the vehicle for its and others safety.

DO NOT DRIVE
on a one way road except in the direction permitted. Reversing into a one way street in the wrong direction is also prohibited.

DO NOT CROSS THE YELLOW LINE dividing the road even while overtaking and on roads with defined lanes use appropriate indicator signals before changing lanes.

DO NOT CROSS THE STOP LINE painted on the road when you stop at a road junction or intersection or a pedestrian crossing.

USE THE HORN only when required. Do not fit loud, multi-toned or harsh and shrill sounding horns or alarms in your vehicle.

MAINTAIN AN ADEQUATE DISTANCE from the vehicle ahead of you to avoid collision in case if that vehicle suddenly slows down or stops.

DO NOT BRAKE SUDDENLY except for safety reasons.

ON MOUNTAINS AND STEEP ROADS the vehicle driving uphill must be given the right of way by vehicles coming downhill.

DRIVERS OF TRACTORS AND GOODS VEHICLES are prohibited from carrying passengers for hire or reward. In a tractor, the driver should not carry any other person and in a goods vehicle, he should not exceed the number of persons permitted in the driver's cabin.

DO NOT CARRY GOODS on a motor vehicle in a manner that may cause danger to any person, or load it in such a fashion so that the goods extend laterally beyond the side, front or to the rear of the vehicle. Carrying of explosives, inflammable or dangerous substances by any public service vehicle are also prohibited.

CARRY ONLY ONE PILLION RIDER on your two wheeler. You must carry the rider only on the back seat. Do not allow any rider to sit or stand in front of you (not even children).

SHARING THE ROAD is very important. Drivers should not forget that roads are not just for them alone. They must understand that the road is for use of pedestrians, cyclists, scooterists and motor cyclists also who do not have solid protections around them.

ALWAYS GIVE WAY TO PEDESTRIANS if there is danger to their safety. Take extra care if they are children or elderly people. You must give way to pedestrians on a pedestrian crossing.

WHEN OVERTAKING you should do so from right of the vehicles you are passing.

DO NOT OVERTAKE if the road ahead is not clearly visible; if you know that the vehicle behind you has begun to overtake you; if the driver ahead of you has not yet signalled to allow you to pass him; if a vehicle has stopped at a pedestrian crossing, intersection or railway crossing.

WHEN BEING OVERTAKEN do not increase the speed of your own vehicle. This may create confusion and problem for the driver trying to overtake you.

WHILE TAKING A U-TURN signal by hand the way you would for a right turn, observe the traffic behind you in your rear view mirror at the same time.

STOP well before the stop line. This makes the zebra crossing safe for the pedestrians. You are allowed to turn left at the red signal unless there is a sign specifically forbidding you to do so. When turning, yield the right of way to pedestrians and vehicles from other directions.

BE ALERT when the Amber light is flashing as it gives time for vehicles to clear the road when the signal is changing from green to red. If caught in the Amber signal in the middle of a large road crossing please do not press your accelerator in panic but do continue with care.

GO if you are first in line, but do not go tearing off at the green signal but pause to see whether vehicles from other directions have cleared the road or not.

IN CASES OF FLASHING AMBER SIGNAL you should slow down and proceed with caution.

Road Signs ( Mandatory)

All the compulsory signs are indicated in a circular form. These are mandatory in nature.

1
1 1 1
Straight prohibited or No entry One Way Sign One Way Sign Vehicle Prohibited in both directions
1 1 1 1
All motor vehicles prohibited Truck prohibited Bullock cart prohibited Tonga prohibited
1 1 1 1
Hand cart prohibited Cycle prohibited Pedestrians prohibited Right turn prohibited
1 1 1 11
Left turn prohibited U-turn prohibited Overtaking prohibited Horn prohibited
1 1 1 1
Bullock cart & cart prohibited Length limit Speed limit Load limit
11 1 1 1
Height limit Width limit Axle load limit Restriction ends sign
1 1 1 1
No parking No stopping or standing Compulsory ahead only Compulsory keep left
1 1 1 1
Compulsory turn left Compulsory turn right Compulsory turn right ahead Compulsory turn left ahead
11 1 1 1
Compulsory ahead or turn left Compulsory ahead or turn right Compulsory cycle track Compulsory sound horn

Precautionary Signs

These are signs indicated in a triangular form. They are meant for the safety of the road user:

1
1 1 1
Right hand curve Left hand curve Right reverse bend Left reverse bend
1 1 1 1
Hair pin bend right Hair pin bend left Hump or rough road Barrier ahead
1 1 1 1
Steep ascent Steep decent Narrow road ahead Wide road ahead
1 1 11 1
Narrow bridge Slippery road Loose gravel Cycle crossing
1 1 1 1
Pedestrian crossing School ahead Men at work Cattle
1 1 1 1
Falling rocks Ferry Cross road Gap in median
1 1 1 1
Side road left Side road right Y-intersection Y-intersection
1 1 1 1
Y-intersection T-
intersection
Staggered intersection Staggered intersection
1 1 1 1
Major road ahead Major road ahead Roundabout Dangerous dip
1 1 1 11
200 meters ahead 50-100 meters in plain and rolling terrain and 30-60 meters in hilly terrain 200 meters ahead 50-100 meters in plain and rolling terrain and 30-60 meters in hill terrain
Unguarded level crossing Guarded level crossing

Informatory Signs

These give you information about things such as high way facilities, parking facilities etc and you can recognise them from their blue background.

1
1 1 1
Public telephone Petrol pump Hospital First aid post
1 1 1 1
Eating place Light refreshment Resting place No thorough road
1 1 1
Park this side No thorough side road Parking both sides
1 1 1 1
Scooter and motorcycle stand Cycle stand Taxi stand Auto rickshaw stand
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