It has the himalayan hills in the north and the Bay of Bengal
in the south. The famous Sunderbans mangrove forest is in this state.
The Ganges is the main river. It has 19 districts in all. The capital and the
largest city is Kolkata, earlier known as Calcutta. The state legislature
has 295 seats. The state language is Bengali. The state animal is the
Royal Bengal Tiger. It covers 88,752 square kilometers in area. The present
population is 80,221,171. Population density is 904 per square kilometer.
Time zone is IST (UTC + 5:30). Principal religion is Hinduism.
The gender ratio is 934 females per 1000 males. The total length of surface road
is 92,023 km. National Highways comprise 2377 km approximately and State Highways 2393 km.
Total railways length is about 3825 km. The Kolkata Metro Railway is
the first underground rail service in the country. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose
International Airport is situated at Kolkata. The two principal ports are at Kolkata and Haldia.
The Darjeeling hills and the Duars are amongst the main tourist destinations in the north.